Tag Archives: business


Tiba2 rasa mengidam nak makan kek coklat pula, macam nak diet laa kalau asyik makan begini. Sambil2 buat kerja fikiran melayang – layang nak buat kek coklat petang ni. Baking itu mudah, terserah pada kita nak buat macam mana. Kadang beli asyik komlen jek itu kurang lah… apa la.. JOM BUAT SENDIRI ….

Berikut adalah resepi mudah nak buat kek… in shaa Allah jadi andai ikot step by step …Selamat mencuba…


Bahan A
220 gm tepung gandum
1 s/k baking powder
1/2 s/k soda bikarbonat
50 gm serbuk koko
180 gm gula perang ~ manis yg ngam2, tak perlu kurangkan gula

Bahan B
2 biji telur ~ k.nor guna gred A
1 s/k esen vanila

Bahan C
200 ml susu cair atau susu segar
200 ml minyak mazola atau minyak sayuran biasa
200 mi air panas

1. Gaulkan semua bahan A dalam mangkuk supaya rata (ayak dulu kesemua bahan kecuali gula perang).
2. Pukul Bahan B dalam mangkuk berasingan. Masukkan dalam mangkuk bahan A. Kacau rata.
3. Masukkan Bahan C dalam adunan bahan A. Kacau rata.
4. Panaskan kukusan dan lapikkan kertas minyak dalam loyang 8 x 8 inci.
5. Masukkan adunan dalam loyang dan kukuskan selama 1 jam dgn api sederhana. Lapkan tudung kukusan sebelum tutup semula.
6. Bila telah masak buka tudung kukusan perlahan supaya air tidak menitik keatas kek.
7. Hiaskan dengan cream coklat.

* Bila guna bekas plastik kecik kukus kek selama 30 – 35 min atau sehingga masak dgn api sederhana supaya tidak naik membumbung atau supaya kek tu tak merekah.

** tutup bekas plastik dgn penutup bekas supaya air tidak menitik masuk ke dalam kek.

*** bila kek dah masak, bolehlah diteruskan dgn membuat ganache.


300 gm coklat masakan ~ dipotong kecil
1 sudu besar susu pekat
1/2 cawan susu cair
2 sudu besar butter
~ ~ ~

1/4 cawan air panas
Panaskan susu cair dan susu pekat dgn kaedah double boiler.
Masukkan coklat masakan dan kacau hingga ianya cair.
Padamkan api dan masukkan butter. Kacau lg hingga cair.
Curahkan 1/2 dr ganache atas kek yg masih panas tadi hingga menutupi keseluruhan kek.
Biarkan lebih kurang 15 – 30 min supaya ganache tadi meresap ke dalam kek.
Panaskan kembali lebihan ganache td (kaedah double boiler) dan masukkan air panas.
Kacau sehingga sebati dan curahkan ke atas kek tadi.
Bila kek dan ganache dah sejuk, bolehlah dimasukkan ke dalam peti ais.
Boleh juga dinikmati ketika suam2 panas..
* mmg agak banyak ganache yg dihasilkan sbb nak kena siram 2x atas kek tu nanti utk menghasilkan kek yg super duper moist đŸ™‚
resepi topping lain:

pelbagai kaedah nk buat topping coklat….
pilih laaa…yg mana mau…

1/2 cwn susu pekat
2 sdb serbuk koko
2 sdb mentega
-masukkan susu + serbuk koko dlm periuk(api kecil)
-kacau hngga pekat
-masukkan mentega -tutup api
-dah sejuk sikit tuangkan atas kek yg dah disejukkan juga

1/2 cwn susu pekat
1/2 cwn serbuk koko
1/4 cwn susu cair
2 sdb butter/majerin/mnyak masak
-masukkan dlm periuk
-masakkan atas api kecil hngga berkilat & pekat

1/2 bar coklat masakan
2 sdb susu pekat
1 sudu mentega/majerin
1/3 cwn susu segar
-masakkan atas api guna kaedah DOUBLE BOILED
-klu nak pekat jgn buh susu segar
-dah sejuk baru di tuangkan pd kek yg dah sejuk

1 bar coklat masakan
4 sudu susu pekat
5 sudu air panas
1 sudu majerin/butter
-masakkan atas api guna kaedah DOUBLE BOILED
-dah cair semua
-baru masukkan majerin/butter
-dah sejuk baru siramkan pd kek yg dah sejuk

1/2 cwn serbuk koko
1 cwn susu pekat
2 sdb majerin/butter
-kacau atas api serbuk koko & susu pekat
-masukkan majerin/butter
-kacau hngga likat n pekat

1/2 cwn susu pekat
1/2 cwn serbuk koko
2 sdb butter
– masakkan semua atas api kecil
– klu ter pekat boleh tambah sedikit
susu cair/segar
– kacau hngga likat n berkilat

1/2 cwn serbuk koko
1 cwn susu pekat manis
2 sdb mnyak masak
-masakkan semua atas api slow
-kacau hngga likat berkilat
-masukkan 1 sdt esin vanila
-biarkan sejuk dulu,baru siram atas kek

200 gm coklat masakan
1/4 cwn susu cair
-masakkan atas api guna kaedah DOUBLE BOILED
-kacau hgga pekat n berkilat..

sekadar berkongsi idea…

Dah siap kek, jom kita makan… kalau sedap bagi2 pada orang sebelah sama2 makan.


External Analysis – PEST

SWOT analysis diagram in English language. Fra...
SWOT analysis diagram in English language. Français : Matrice SWOT en anglais. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Talking about business analysis, people will come out with the idea of market research, business plan, marketing plan, market size and  lot of analysis. Today let’s talk about External Analysis that can be used to analyse the market. In order to do the analysis, we can choose the PEST. What is that?????? PEST CONTROL… opssss…NO!!!!!!! Let me explain what does it mean with that. The capital P is Political, E is Economic, S is Social  and T is Technology.

Normally PEST Analysis are being used to measure a market and SWOT analysis measures a business unit, a proposition or idea.

Generally speaking a SWOT analysis measures a business unit or proposition, whereas a PEST analysis measures the market potential and situation, particularly indicating growth or decline, and thereby market attractiveness, business potential, and suitability of access – market potential and ‘fit’ in other words.

PEST analysis uses four perspectives, which give a logical structure, in this case organized by the PEST format, that helps understanding, presentation, discussion and decision-making. The four dimensions are an extension of a basic two heading list of pro’s and con’s.

PEST analysis can be used for marketing and business development assessment and decision-making, and the PEST template encourages proactive thinking, rather than relying on habitual or instinctive reactions.

Here the PEST analysis template is presented as a grid, comprising four sections, one for each of the PEST headings: Political, Economic, Social and Technological.

As previously explained, extended variations of PEST (eg., PESTELI and STEEP, etc) include other factors, such as Environmental, Ethical, Legal or Legislative, etc., however in most situations you will find that these ‘additional’ factors are actually contributory causes or detailed perspectives which then manifest or take effect in the form or one or several of the original four main PEST factors. For example, Ethical and Environmental factors will always tend to produce an effect in at least one of the main four headings (Political, Economic, Social, Technological), but it will tend not to work the other way. Hence why the basic PEST model is often the most powerful – it puts more pressure on strategic appreciation and analysis than a longer list of headings. When you next see a PESTELI or a STEEPLED analysis ask yourself (or the author): “Okay, I understand that customers tend to be more ethically minded now, but what does that mean in terms of the basic four PEST factors – what’s the effect going to be?…” or: “Okay we know that carbon emissions is an issue, but tell me where in the main four PEST factors will it impact..?

You will gather I am not a fan nor a particular advocate of extending the PEST model. It works great as it is – why make it more complicated and less specific? If you are worried about missing or forgetting a crucial point of ethics or legislation (or anything else) keep a reference list of these headings, and only build them into the model if you are sure that doing so will make it work better as a strategic tool.

The free PEST template below includes sample questions or prompts, whose answers are can be inserted into the relevant section of the PEST grid. The questions are examples of discussion points, and obviously can be altered depending on the subject of the PEST analysis, and how you want to use it. Make up your own PEST questions and prompts to suit the issue being analysed and the situation (ie., the people doing the work and the expectations of them). Like SWOT analysis, it is important to clearly identify the subject of a PEST analysis, because a PEST analysis is four-way perspective in relation to a particular business unit or proposition – if you blur the focus you will produce a blurred picture – so be clear about the market that you use PEST to analyse.

A market is defined by what is addressing it, be it a product, company, brand, business unit, proposition, idea, etc, so be clear about how you define the market being analysed, particularly if you use PEST analysis in workshops, team exercises or as a delegated task. The PEST subject should be a clear definition of the market being addressed, which might be from any of the following standpoints:

  • a company looking at its market
  • a product looking at its market
  • a brand in relation to its market
  • a local business unit
  • a strategic option, such as entering a new market or launching a new product
  • a potential acquisition
  • a potential partnership
  • an investment opportunity

Be sure to describe the subject for the PEST analysis clearly so that people contributing to the analysis, and those seeing the finished PEST analysis, properly understand the purpose of the PEST assessment and implications.

Template for PEST analysis
Template for PEST analysis